Cyclothymia Disorder


What is Cyclothymia Disorder?

Cyclothymia also known as the Cyclothymic disorder is a type of mild mood disorder. In this type of disorder, the mood swing ranges from shorter periods to mild depression depending on severity levels.

In addition, the low and high mood swings don’t ever reach the severity situation where major depression can occur. People who deal with Cyclothymia disorder have mild symptoms which are not the case with the full bipolar disorder.

Overall, in Cyclothymia disorder, you will experience sudden mood shift ups which can result in an emotional breakdown.

Symptoms of Cyclothymia Disorder:

Generally, Symptoms of Cyclothymia disorder differ between emotional highs and lows. The high-end symptoms of Cyclothymia disorder include elevated mood while the low consists of depressive symptoms.

Symptoms of Cyclothymia disorder is a lot more similar to Bipolar 1 and 2 but are mild than the two. If you are suffering from Cyclothymia disorder, you can easily perform your daily activities.

Hypomanic Symptoms:

The Symptoms of high-level Cyclothymia disorder includes:

  • An overwhelming feeling of happiness and well-being

  • Extreme optimistic nature

  • Talking a lot which contains no sense at all

  • Poor Judgment capabilities which can result in unwise choices and risky behavior

  • Agitated or rude behavior towards other individuals

  • Thoughts of Racing

  • Overdoing any Physical Activity

  • An increase in Sexual and Social Drive

  • The tendency to be easily distracted

  • Finding difficult to focus on one thing

  • Depressive Symptoms

The Symptoms of low Cyclothymia disorder includes:

  • Feeling Hopeless, sad and hurt

  • Tearfulness

  • Irritation in doing any work

  • A constant loss of interest in enjoying things once you enjoyed a lot

  • Sleeping Issues

  • Slowing down or suffering from fatigue

  • Thinking of death and suicide all the time

When Will you Need to See a Doctor?

In case you are suffering from any of the symptoms of Cyclothymia disorder, you must seek medication. Generally, Cyclothymia disorder will not get better on its own. If you are sticking to the treatment plan, you can seek the best doctor for your treatment.

In case if any of your family members has the symptoms of Cyclothymia disorder, talk openly with that person. Here, you can’t force the other person to seek medical help but you can give your piece of advice.

Suicidal Thoughts:

Although the occurrences of Suicidal Thoughts are common in Cyclothymia disorder and if it is the case, then:

Call on 911 or any of your local emergency services as soon as possible

Call to the nearby local crisis center where you can reach to the associated people as soon as possible.

In case, you are unable to make the call, you can see a doctor, family member or any medical help provider.

Causes of Cyclothymia Disorder:

Till date, there is no specific cause for Cyclothymia disorder. But as per the researches, different sorts of causes are as follows:

  • Heredity

More commonly, the Cyclothymia disorder is said to run among families. Generally, the disorder can be inherited from a parent and even siblings.

  • Brain Functioning Changes

Normally, if you are facing a sudden brain functioning change, there is a high chance that you are suffering from Cyclothymia disorder. Here, changes in the brain neurobiology are termed as the most common cause of Cyclothymia disorder.

  • Environmental Factors

Certain traumatic situations or even extended periods of stress can lead to Cyclothymia disorder.

Complications in Cyclothymia Disorder:

If you are suffering from Cyclothymia disorder:

  • Not treating Cyclothymia disorder can result into massive emotional issues. These issues can have a deep impact in every area of your life.

  • Later on in life, there will be a greater risk to deal with bipolar 1 and bipolar 2 disorder.

  • Misuse of different substances is most common

  • In rare cases, you will have to deal with anxiety disorder

  • An increase in the suicidal thoughts can make your life even worse than the usual.

Treatment for Cyclothymia Disorder:

At present, Medication and psychotherapy are two of the most common treatments for patients dealing with Cyclothymia disorder. The treatment measures are chronic, lifelong and usually aim to decrement hypomanic and depressive symptoms.

As of now, since there is no permanent medication to treat Cyclothymia disorder from its roots. But, your doctor can use common medication methods for reducing its frequency to a great extent. Normally, the most common drug treatments include antipsychotics and anticonvulsants. Moving ahead, Lithium and Quetiapine can be an effective medicine to treat Cyclothymia disorder.

On the other hand, Antidepressants are not that much effective for treating Cyclothymia disorder.

Apart from drugs, there are still some other methods for treating Cyclothymia disorder which is as follows:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

With this therapy, the sole focus is to eliminate the negative thoughts and change it with the positive ones. Further, this therapy induces stress management techniques and can identify different trigger points.

  • Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

This type of therapy helps in creating awareness, maintains emotional stability and lowers tolerance levels.

  • Interpersonal and Social Rhythm Therapy (IPSRT)

Here, the main focus is given to daily routines. Especially, your sleep patterns, mealtime, and daily routines will be managed, much perfectly.

FAQ’s on Cyclothymia Disorder:

1. How to decrease the negative effects of Cyclothymia disorder?

For decreasing the daily effects of Cyclothymia disorder, you will need to take your medication as per direction. Here, you will need to reduce the consumption of alcohol, recreational drugs, and other harmful stuff. Further, track your mood on a daily basis to improve your mental strength.

2. What are the Diagnostic Criteria for Cyclothymia disorder?

In general, the diagnostic of Cyclothymia disorder can range from 0.4-1%. This rate appears to be the same in women as of men. In this case, you will have to seek treatment from a professional medical practitioner.

3. What are the Causes of Cyclothymia disorders?

Cyclothymia disorder seems to have the genetic contribution which is shown widely in the twin studies. These twins are known as dizygotic( fraternal) & monozygotic (identical) twins. Other than this, there are different psychological factors which are responsible for Cyclothymia disorder.

4. What are the treatment measures for Cyclothymia disorder?

Cyclothymia disorder treatment involves a variety of behavioral and cognitive techniques. In addition, the medical professionals can also use mood stabilizers, anticonvulsants and other drugs are consumed for treating Cyclothymia disorder. More often, such drugs are given in low doses to avoid the chance of major brain injury in the near future.

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