Treating Bipolar Mood Disorder:
Well, treating Bipolar Mood Disorder has come a really long way. Right from the days when the patients were given medications and sedatives to using modern day treatment in today’s date. Talking about today, mood stabilizing drugs are said as the number one treatment for any type of bipolar disorder.
Further, the doctors can prescribe Lithium which is an antimanic drug which can reduce the symptoms of depression. This is done without triggering the manic episode which is inevitably a good thing.
Till date, the depression based episodes are much more common than manias and have some serious effects on the lives of patients. And, there are only a few well-known treatments for depression.
What can be defined as a standard treatment for Bipolar Mood Disorder?
As of now, Lithium and Anticonvulsants Lamotrigine are the mood stabilizers used for treating bipolar disorder. Sometimes, their usage is done as “off-label” but all of these are not yet approved by the FDA. For a number of years, the psychiatrists have used an antidepressant for bringing the mood back to its normal state.
However, on the basis of several series of reports, the antidepressants are not that effective for treating bipolar depression.
Mood Stabilization Medication Working:
Usually, the mood stabilization medication helps in improving the social interactions, behavior, and mood of different patients. This type of treatment is recommended for preventing the occurrence of bipolar mood states which can swing from low to high based on the severity levels.
According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), Lithium is the number one drug which is approved by the FDA. It can be used for treating single or even more phases of the bipolar disorder.
In many of the patients suffering from Bipolar Disorder mood stabilizer is the thing which is needed for treating them.
Are Antidepressants effective to treat Bipolar Mood Disorder?
While the antidepressants are beneficial for treating the depressive disorder, it does no good to patients who suffer from bipolar disorder. Usually, when antidepressants are given alone to patients, it can increase the risk of a manic episode in the patients. Hence, knowing such serious issue, doctors don’t really opt for antidepressants for treating the Bipolar Disorder.
A study by the National Institute of Mental Health:
- A study known as the Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder showed that using Mood Stabilizers alone had good effects. With this, around 1 in 4 people were treated who were suffering from the bipolar depression. After which, adding the antidepressant did not boost up the condition any further.
- Further, other than using mood stabilizers and antidepressants, the STEP-BD study is telling people to find out other treatment measures for bipolar disorder.
Antipsychotic Medication for Treating Bipolar Disorder:
On the basis of some studies, some of the antipsychotic drugs are effective for treating bipolar disorder. Here, Seroquel and Seroquel XR are mostly used for treating depressive episodes which have a relation with bipolar disorder.
Another good drug which can treat bipolar depression is the Symbyax. Normally, Symbyax is the combination of Zyprexa and Prozac which is an antidepressant. Further, the antipsychotic Latuda is an FDA approved the drug. It can be used alone or with Lithium for treating bipolar depression. Other than this, Vraylar is another drug which is approved by the FDA and is being used for treating Bipolar Disorder.
On the basis of a recent research, it was shown that the drug Vraylar was used for treating bipolar depression.
Now, the working of such medications can vary from doctor to doctor. But, in general, it helps in affecting the receptors for neurotransmitters in the brain. This helps in regulating the brain functioning and brings the mood back to its normal form. However, your doctor will look towards every other benefit and drawbacks before prescribing you any drug for consumption.
CNS Depressants help to Cure Bipolar Disorder Depression:
The CNS also known as Central Nervous Systems contains benzodiazepine which acts on the neurotransmitters for slowing down the brain activity. Commonly, they are used for treating anxiety, preventing sleep disorders and can be an alternative to adjunctive therapy.
Some of the commonly used benzodiazepines are:
Now, the above-given drug is beneficial but can be detrimental in many ways. They can be habit forming and can slower think in the nearby future. Generally, they must be used for treating agitations, sleep during most of the acute phases of illness and long-term medications.
Is the Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) a good treatment for Bipolar Disorder?
On the basis of guidelines given by the American Psychiatric Association, they suggest some good thing about the ECT. They say that the ECT is a good treatment for treating people suffering from Bipolar Disorder Depression. Here, if the patient is suffering from psychotic symptoms or is having a high risk of suicidal behavior, the ECT treatment can be a boon. In addition, for women’s who are pregnant and are suffering from Bipolar Disorder, the ECT treatment is beneficial in this case.
Thoughts on Psychotherapy for Treating Bipolar Mood Disorder:
Along with the different medications for treating Bipolar Depression, patients can choose to go for psychotherapy. This is one of the best therapy techniques for curing bipolar depression. In this therapy, the doctors combine different behavioral techniques with interpersonal psychotherapy to manage the day to day problems of life. Further, after prolonged treatment with Psychotherapy, doctors can normalize the daily lifestyle habits of patients.
According to the STEP-BD Study, along with medications, different psychotherapy which can be added is as follows:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
After including the above psychotherapy in your bipolar disorder treatment, there is a massive 150% chance treatment speedup. Hence, the faster is the treatment, greater will be the benefit for the patient to recover soon from bipolar disorder.
Diagnosing Bipolar Mood Disorder:
Over the course of time, doctors have learned a lot and are mastering in the attempts to treat bipolar disorder. With great understandings of different disorders today, doctors are capable enough to identify the signs and symptoms of bipolar depression and treat them accordingly.
Most of the doctors have become specialized in blood tests from where they can recognize the type of bipolar disorder. However, to date, plenty of the lab tests are not enough for treating bipolar disorder. On the other hand, doctors can treat bipolar disorder with different medications such as mood stabilizers and other effective drugs.
Even today, the doctors need to look at the occurring symptoms for treating bipolar disorder. After visualizing the symptoms, further treatment measures can be taken and the patients can become much stable, free and happy in their life.