Bipolar Mood Disorder Symptoms: Identification and Treatment

Bipolar mood disorder symptoms will vary among patients depending on the type they have. Bipolar sickness is a very complicated condition even though it affects millions of individuals worldwide.

These are generally categorized according to the presentation and show of symptoms. The bipolar mood disorder symptoms will appear during different stages of a person’s life. It is also important that doctors understand which ones should be addressed and how to rule out other personality and mood conditions based on the facts.

The Bipolar Mood Disorder Symptoms

Bipolar mood disorder symptoms will vary in effect and severity. These can be categorized anywhere between mild and severe. The symptoms will also vary depending on which pole or state the person is in. There will be different signs and symptoms if the person is in a state of mania and there will be relative effects if the individual is in a state of depression. During the normal interval or period in between, the symptoms can subside or even completely disappear. The symptoms are generally unpredictable so some may be able to display these without remorse while others will show the effects without total control over the consequences.

Some of the manic symptoms include excitement, excessive happiness or euphoria, feelings of creativity, hyperactivity, heightened energy, irritability, restlessness, lack of sleep, delusions of grandeur and setting goals that are too high.

During the depression state, bipolar mood disorder symptoms will include feelings of sadness, lack of energy, uncontrolled crying, suicidal tendencies, loss of weight, weight gain, need for rest or sleep, difficult analyzing or making decisions, irritability and increased or decreased appetite. The severity of these symptoms will also change over time.

The Bipolar Mood Disorder Symptoms According to Type

There are different kinds of bipolar mood disorder. Each of these will involve the patient shifting from the state of depression to mania and vice-versa.

The respective types include bipolar I, bipolar II, mixed bipolar disorder, cyclothymic disorder and fast-cycling bipolar disorder. Fast shifts between the two poles are more common among older adults. Sometimes, people only realize that they have the condition during late adulthood when the mood swings are more frequent and the periods in between are shorter.

Individuals who have bipolar I disorder experienced at least one episode of mania. The manic state is described as having abnormal elated feelings and abnormal hyperactive mood that might affect normal activities of daily living and relationships. A person diagnosed with bipolar II has the same symptoms as bipolar I.

However, the shifts between the depressed and elated poles might not reach the most extreme points. The manic pole, in particular, does not reach the full state.

Symptoms of bipolar mood disorder also go through rapid cycling wherein the individual will go through four or more periods of mania and depression in a period of one year. Rapid cycling is experienced by 10% to 20% of all affected with the condition. Mixed bipolar mood disorder symptoms will change according to the alternating states and episodes.

The manic and depressive states will be rapid or simultaneous in this condition. Cyclothymia is a mild condition that also affects the mood. People who have these will show mild symptoms of bipolar mood disorder although the condition will later on be ruled out by psychiatrists. Bipolar disorder will be arranged according to the descriptions on the bipolar spectrum.

Symptoms of Bipolar Mood Disorder Based on Episode

Symptoms of bipolar mood disorder can radically change depending on the affected individual some people can present different cycles, patterns, levels, types and frequency. Some individuals are more at risk for developing mania or depression. It is possible that a person enters the manic state, goes into the normal state and then experiences another manic episode.

Some people have several cycles in one year, while others might only experience the bipolar mood disorder symptoms once in their entire lifetime. There are four general kinds of mood episodes in a bipolar patient. These are namely hypomania, mania, mixed episodes and depression. Every kind of episode will also feature different signs and symptoms.

Bipolar Mood Disorder Symptoms: Happiness and Sadness

During the manic period, symptoms of bipolar mood disorder will include engaging in unwise business activities, making obviously bad investments, gambling or squandering, easy irritability, getting angry easily, getting into fights or arguments frequently, becoming violent or auditory hallucinations. Some people will present more symptoms compared to others.

During hypomania, bipolar mood disorder symptoms will include feelings of wanting to join new businesses or groups, racing thoughts, impaired judgment, compulsive shopping, talking rapidly, grandiose feelings or having feelings of being invincible.

During the depressed state, the symptoms of bipolar mood disorder will include feelings of worthlessness, feelings of hopelessness, despair, loss of appetite, weight loss, difficulty sleeping, tired feelings, weakness, loss of energy, irritability, inability to get pleasure, suicidal thoughts and tendencies, mental and physically sluggish, poor concentration, lack of focus, poor memory, nightmares and guilt feelings.

Treating Bipolar Mood Disorder Symptoms

Individuals diagnosed through the presented symptoms of bipolar mood disorder will need to be educated first about the condition. The patient needs to know all the possible effects and also determine the right courses of action that will allow him to live a normal and productive life despite the circumstances.

Those with bipolar mood disorder symptoms also have to work with an experienced psychiatrist and develop the right care plan involving therapies and medications that will ultimately treat the problem. The condition is actually curable using a number of drugs and interventions. Individuals have to gauge their progress as well through the presentation of bipolar mood disorder symptoms.

Individuals have to report the different changes and levels of the symptoms of bipolar mood disorder. They also need to know about the possible complications. During the person’s normal phase, doctors and families have to work together to create a sound plan that will effectively prevent the problem from recurring or if it does, to minimize or alleviate the relative effects. Psychiatrist will need to know the family and medical background of the patient to point out the root cause.