The Bipolar 2 Disorder also known as the Bipolar II Disorder is a type of mental Illness which can be severe at times. Such types of disorders can be identified by severe mood swings ranging from elevated to depressing moods.
In reality, the Bipolar 2 is more common than the Bipolar 1 Disorder and occurs more in women than men. A person who is suffering from Bipolar 2, the symptoms begin with the occurrence of hypomanic episodes. These episodes are different from the manic ones and are considered as a shorter version of manic episodes.
Symptoms of Bipolar2:
Generally, the symptoms of bipolar 2 disorder include certain episodes of hypomania which are followed by depressive ones. For normal people, they can experience periods of sadness followed by a feeling of upset and depression. Here, mood swings are not that extreme when we compare it with the bipolar 1 disorder.
Now, individuals who are experiencing hypomania can notice a combination of the following symptoms:
An Increase in the overall energy and feeling much more energetic
Feeling wired and in an upbeat state
A gradual increase in the self-confidence
Insomnia or a decreased need for sleep
Thoughts of Racing all in the mind
Talking much faster or talking abnormally
Spending too much money & drinking drugs, alcohol on an extensive basis
Decision making not to the point
Here, the above symptoms can be characterized as the true hypomanic episode. They must last for about 4 days and must have at least 3 of the above symptoms.
People who are dealing with hypomania can feel better during such periods and may not notice something wrong. However, family members will notice anyone who is suffering from bipolar 2 disorder.
Now, when the people are not in their bipolar 2 disorder state, they will be in their depressive state.
Symptoms of Depressive State:
Constant feeling of sadness, hopelessness, and emptiness
A sudden loss in the interest related to different activities
Not able to sleep or sleeping much longer than the usual
A decrease in the energy levels
Feeling unworthy and guilt
Constant trouble in focusing
Weight loss and weight gain without dieting
Apart from the above-given symptoms, there are other symptoms, the bipolar 2 disorder can occur between depressive state and hypomania episodes. They include:
Relentless cycling between states
Ages affected in Bipolar 2 Disorder:
According to the statistics, it is seen that the bipolar 2 disorder is more common than anyone can realize. On the basis of NARSAD, they said that “More than 2 million American adults or 1 percent of the population age 18 or older in any given year have bipolar disorder.”
On the basis of the latest statistical report of the bipolar 2 disorder, “Bipolar disorder affects approximately 5.7 million adult Americans or about 2.6% of the U.S. population age 18 and older every year.” (National Institute of Mental Health).
Also, according to Dr. Wes Burgess, he said, “It is estimated that 2 to 7% of people in the United States suffer from bipolar disorder. Almost 10 million people will develop the illness sometimes during their lives. About half of these will never receive the correct diagnosis or treatment.”
In Australia, around 239,957 people are suffering from the Bipolar 2 Disorder. Even in the United Kingdom, around 723,248 people are under the radar of Bipolar 2 Disorder.
Causes of Bipolar2 Disorder:
Family having the Bipolar 2 disorder:
If you or any of your relative is suffering from a bipolar disorder such as your sibling or parent, there is a high-risk infection in this case. Here, the symptoms can arise in the teenage years with an average age being 25.
High Levels of Stress:
Individuals who deal with traumatic events have a greater risk of suffering from bipolar 2 disorder. Other factors include sexual abuse, the death of the parents or other disastrous incidents. Even a lack of sleep can cause an increase in the hypomanic episode.
The bipolar 2 disorder affects women more than men. Women are the ones which can suffer 3 times more than men. And, can experience depressive episodes and other traumatic conditions.
Treatment for Bipolar 2:
The best ever treatment procedure to treat Bipolar 2 disorder is to combine counseling and medication. Doctors on their part treat Bipolar 2 disorder with a set of drugs which are often used for treating depression.
Bipolar 2 Disorder Treatment Options:
Generally, the Bipolar 2 disorder is treated with medications, mood stabilizers, antidepressants, and antipsychotics.
Medical Options for Treating Bipolar 2 disorder:
For treating Bipolar 2 disorder, finding the correct medication can be a bit challenging. Here, two or even more medication plans are used to verify the symptoms and treat Bipolar 2 disorder.
Medication Tips on Treating Bipolar 2 disorder:
If you are suffering from Bipolar 2 disorder, you will go through medication for an indefinite period, for sure.
These drugs work by performing an increase in the brain activity chemicals norepinephrine and serotonin. However, an increased use in these drugs can result into mania episodes.
Therapy for Bipolar 2 disorder:
Normally, the “Talk Therapy” or Psychotherapy is essential for treating Bipolar 2 disorder.
How Bipolar 2 Different from Other Types?
Normally, the depressive modes are a lot similar between Bipolar 2 and Bipolar 1. But, the Bipolar 2 causes hypomania which is a mild form of mania.
Here, a person suffering from Hypomania can be atypical but is more close to normal ones. On the other hand, behaviors which are manic are extreme and can cause devastation in the long run.
FAQ’s on Bipolar Disorder 2:
Q. Why you can’t stay calm in Bipolar Disorder 2?
A) I wish it would have been simple to stay calm for people suffering from Bipolar 2 disorder. But, it is not that easy. Usually, you will not realize whether you are going through the hypomanic state or just behaving normally.
Q. What are the Symptoms of Bipolar 2 Disorder?
A) In Bipolar 2 Disorder, a person feels hopeless, irritated and suicidal thoughts are a regular part of their thinking. Further, lack of motivation, poor decision making, and fatigue are some other symptoms of Bipolar Disorder 2.
Q. Why do you Get this?
A) Generally, people who suffer from Bipolar Disorder 2 experience ‘Triggers”. Such triggers can compose of family matters, lack of sleep, loud noises, wandering thoughts, and violence.
Q. Are people who suffer from Bipolar Disorder 2 Insane?
A) No, there are not insane at all. In Fact, people who suffer from such disorders can function much normally in the society just like other individuals.