Antipsychotic Medication

What is Antipsychotic Medication?             

Starting with the basics, Antipsychotics drugs are much useful for treating the bipolar disorder and is used as a maintenance treatment. In the range of a wide variety of the Antipsychotics drugs, most of them are often considered as an add-on treatment. Further, the drugs which are neuroleptic can be helpful for treating different types of the Bipolar Disorder.

At present, the Atypical Antipsychotics drugs are ranked as the number one drug for treating Bipolar Disorder. Such drugs are also used for treatment-resistant patients.

Antipsychotic were originally made for treating psychosis which is found in schizophrenia. But, in the recent times, it seems that the Antipsychotic drugs have taken medication a step ahead. As of now, the drug is found to be useful in decreasing depression and helps in stabilizing the moods to a great extent.

Since the discovery of the chlorpromazine in the 1950’s, using Antipsychotics drugs have been on the rise. Therefore, any of the Antipsychotics drugs are used to control the manic excitement, aggression, and other hyperactivity. Such drug is often used when Lithium fails to give results to the bipolar patients.

What are Atypical Antipsychotics?

  • By definition, the Atypical Antipsychotics are the type of drugs which produces less extrapyramidal side effects.

  • Further, they have quite a low risk of tardive dyskinesia. As discovered by the researchers, Atypical Antipsychotics have antidepressants, anti-manic, and mood-stabilizing actions.

  • Although, no significant side effect is seen in such type of drugs. But, still, you must consult a doctor before going for one.

Different sets of Antipsychotic Treatments for Bipolar Disorder:

Antipsychotic have played a major part in providing a sense of relief to the people suffering from Bipolar Disorder. However, among those people, some people even faced some serious side effects which is much rare.

Right in the 1970’s, there was the invention of second-generation Antipsychotics which was said to be Atypical Antipsychotics. These Antipsychotics were said to deliver maximum results and the occurrence of side effects was negligible.

Given below are the names of Antipsychotics which are approved for treating Bipolar Disorder:

1. Aripiprazole (Abilify)

Generally, this Antipsychotic is said to be the third generation Antipsychotic and is said to have fewer side effects than other Antipsychotics. Further, it is approved for bipolar mania, maintenance treatments, and mixed state.

2. Asenapine (Saphris)

This is the newly approved Antipsychotics which was developed in the year 2009. It is also an approved medication for treating mania and mixed states.

3. Olanzapine (Seroquel)

This is the only Antipsychotic which is approved and is used for treating only bipolar depression. However, with regular dosages of this Antipsychotics, weight gain can be an issue in the nearby future.

4. Risperidone (Risperdal)

This is approved for people of age 10 and for people who are suffering from bipolar disorder type 1. Further, it is even FDA approved for treating the mixed state and bipolar mania.

5. Ziprasidone (Geodon)

It is approved for curing the mixed episodes and bipolar manic episodes.

Now, other than the above-approved drugs, there is still another drug which is approved for treating Bipolar Disorder. The name of the drug is Symbax and it is a combination of olanzapine and fluoxetine.

6. Clozapine (Clozaril)

This drug is well known for reducing the symptoms on an immediate basis. Also, it has been quite successful for different several cases of the bipolar disorder. However, after prolonged consumption of Clozapine, it can reduce the white blood cell count.

Side Effects of different Antipsychotics Medications:

Normally, the Antipsychotics medication can be used alone. Or else, it can be used with other medication methods. Typically Lithium and Valproate are two types of drugs which can be used along with Antipsychotics.

On the basis of estimations, nearly 50% of the people have stopped taking these drugs due to its growing side effects.

In the very first generation of the Antipsychotics, there was a range of side effects associated with it.

First generation Antipsychotics Side Effects:

  • Tardive Dyskinesia: Disruptive muscle movements on a repetition basis.

  • Dystonia: Muscle contraction for a longer period of time causes repetitive muscle movements and can lead to abnormal posture in the nearby future.

  • Akathisia: Unable to stay still and feeling restless day in day out.

  • Seizures

  • Muscle Tremor and feeling of rigidity in the muscles.

While the different types of atypical Antipsychotics were developed for reducing and removing any type of disorder side effects, they too have a series of side effects such as :

  • Blood Sugar Problems

  • Heart Issues

  • Diabetes

  • Different Metabolic Syndrome Symptoms

  • Reduction in the overall life expectancy

In addition, all the Antipsychotics can pose some other side effects such as dizziness, memory impairment, confusion, decrement in feeling pleasure and other health-related issues.

Further, in some of the rare cases, people can also find Antipsychotics drugs a lot more intolerable. Hence, in every other case, the doctor must look at the benefits as well as its drawbacks. And, after a series of examination, the doctors must come to a conclusion.

Antipsychotics drugs And Maintenance Treatment?

  • Antipsychotics drugs are said to be one of the best one for stabilizing the mood of individuals suffering from Bipolar Disorder. Especially, the patients who are dealing with chronic or relapsing disorder, Antipsychotics drugs can be a real boon.

  • As per the studies, patients who are suffering from bipolar disorder can be prone to the extrapyramidal side effects in the long run.

  • Here, in this case, using Antipsychotics drugs can be the best ever drug which can treat bipolar disorder. And, in response can reduce the upcoming of the side effects and can be much more effective in Maintenance Treatment.

Conclusion:

Over the course of time, the Antipsychotics drugs have played an important role in maintenance as well as acute treatment of bipolar disorder. At present, there are enough evidence to prove that the Antipsychotics drugs are much better than other drugs for improving moods of Bipolar patients.

In addition, the atypical Antipsychotics drugs helps in reducing the risks of suicidal thoughts and can improve cognition. All in all, Antipsychotics drugs have much more benefits. And, the doctors are relentlessly working hard to improve its effectiveness and treatment measures.

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