Thousands of individuals are actually very curious and asking: what is bipolar mood disorder? It is one of the most notable and common mood disorders that affect thousands of individuals every year.
Although most of the manifestations and symptoms only appear during late adolescence, the condition can already be present from the time the person is still in his elementary years. Many experts are determining the true causes of the condition. Those asking what is bipolar disorder will discover that both physical and psychological factors are responsible for the onset.
Knowing the answers to the question what is bipolar mood disorder thoroughly will lead to good results.
What is Bipolar Mood Disorder?
People asking what is bipolar mood disorder will learn more about its first names like manic depression or BD. It is a mental disease or disorder that is generally marked by shifting feelings of elation and depression.
There are cycles that happen several times throughout the person’s lifetime. At least one episode of mania is required for psychiatrists to positively identify the condition. There are instances in which the affected individual might display symptoms of depression more frequently than mania. Those asking what is bipolar mood disorder will find that the condition occurs in more than 1% of the total population of American adults. This amounts to close to 5 million people.
Bipolar disorder or BD is the fifth leading cause of disability on a global scale. It ranks ninth in terms of being the leading cause of years lost due to disability or death.
According to a number of studies, blacks are more likely to develop the condition. The symptoms also occur at an earlier time among men compared to women. The risk also increases for individuals suffering from trauma or stress at such a young age. Substance abuse can also be a contributive factor. The suicidal tendencies of affected individuals also increase significantly which is why they have to be monitored carefully.
What is Bipolar Mood Disorder? A Brief Background
Emil Kraeplin was credited for being the first to identify the condition over a century ago.
Before, the disorder was described as manic depressive insanity. The two poles or emotional states that affected individuals were in were very evident. The symptoms of the two alternating states would change as the cycles and patterns come and go. There were several concepts and theories surrounding the cause and nature of the condition.
Over the years, more and more experts conducted studies and the theories and possible causes were linked to sounder principles and methods. Today, people asking what is bipolar mood disorder will most likely be directed to the chemical processes that occur in the brain. The condition generally changes the way the brain produces neurotransmitters which are responsible for mood, thereby causing the emotional changes.
What is Bipolar Mood Disorder? Experiencing the Problem
For those asking what is bipolar mood disorder, they will get to know a number of types. each will also be characterized by different signs and symptoms. Some people only experience a few cycles in their lifetime. It is also possible for individuals to have more manic or depressive episodes. The extent and severity of the mood swings will vary. There are also mixed mood swings and rapid cycles. The cycles are generally faster among older adults.
About 40% of affected individuals who ask what is bipolar mood disorder will have at least one rapid cycle. The person will need relative help and treatment based on the presenting symptoms. Some individuals can cope using medications, therapies and home remedies. Others might have to be confined in a mental institute for a few days or weeks until their condition stabilizes.
What is Bipolar Disorder? The Causes and Risks
Many experts point to stress and trauma as two of the general causes of the problem. People asking what is bipolar mood disorder will also be checked in terms of their family and medical background. Individuals with a history of substance or drug abuse are more prone to developing the condition.
There are also others who have related mood disorders then develop the condition due to the abnormal production or lack of production of the needed neurotransmitters responsible for mood. The imbalance will trigger feelings of extreme happiness or sadness to affected individuals.
Genetics and the environment also play a huge role in the development of the disease. Some psychiatrists say that trauma and early losses in life can affect the person, thereby causing him to develop the mood swings later on in life. Parents might also pass on the genetic abnormalities to their children. Many experts also say that stress has a huge role for people asking what is bipolar disorder.
What is Bipolar Mood Disorder? Complications of the Condition
The prognosis of bipolar disorder will rely on the treatment measures, the condition of the patient and the severity of the disease. Early detection of the problem will help families and doctors work together to come up with a very effective plan that will ultimately let patients cope with the different challenges of life and let them live normal and healthy lives.
Patients who have the condition and fail to properly address it might experience different side effects and complications. Many individuals feel hopeless and worthless during the depressive episode and commit suicide. People also become disabled because of the physical effects of the condition. They may lose their job, destroy their marriage and relationships with other people and lose all their savings and investments. The treatment should be monitored by a trusted family member to ensure proper recovery.
What is Bipolar Disorder? Dealing with the Effects
Those trying to understand what is bipolar mood disorder will have to familiarize themselves with the relative effects of the disease and the proper way to administer medications.
Doctor’s orders and recommendations should be followed accordingly. Patients should never miss their medications and must report any untoward or side effect or complication. Doctors should also create a comprehensive care plan that will boost the person’s self-confidence and help him become more aware of the condition. Allow the person to voice out his concerns and develop a plan that will let him do activities of daily living independently together with other useful therapies.